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Archive for August, 2011

The Power Of Yoga

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 29, 2011


Stars do it. Sports do it. Judges in the highest courts do it. Let’s do it: that yoga thing. A path to enlightenment that winds


back 5,000 years in its native India, yoga has suddenly become so hot, so cool, so very this minute. It’s the exercise cum meditation for the new millennium, one that doesn’t so much pump you up as bliss you out. Yoga now straddles the continent — from Hollywood, where $20 million-a-picture actors queue for a session with their guru du jour, to Washington, where, in the gym of the Supreme Court, Justice Sandra Day O’Connor and 15 others faithfully take their class each Tuesday morning.

Everywhere else, Americans rush from their high-pressure jobs and tune in to the authoritatively mellow voice of an instructor, gently urging them to solder a union (the literal translation of the Sanskrit word yoga) between mind and body. These Type A strivers want to become Type B seekers, to lose their blues in an asana (pose), to graduate from distress to de-stress. Fifteen million Americans include some form of yoga in their fitness regimen — twice as many as did five years ago; 75% of all U.S. health clubs offer yoga classes. Many in those classes are looking not inward but behind. As supermodel Christy Turlington, a serious practitioner, says, “Some of my friends simply want to have a yoga butt.” But others come to the discipline in hopes of restoring their troubled bodies. Yoga makes me feel better, they say. Maybe it can cure what ails me.

Oprah Winfrey, arbiter of moral and literary betterment for millions of American women, devoted a whole show to the benefits of yoga earlier this month, with guest appearances by Turlington and stud-muffin guru Rodney Yee. Testimonials from everyday yogis and yoginis clogged the hour: I lost weight; I quit smoking; I conquered my fear of flying; I can sleep again; it saved my marriage; it improved my daughter’s grades and attitude. “We are more centered as a team,” declared the El Monte Firefighters of Los Altos Hills, Calif.

Sounds great. Namaste, as your instructor says at the end of a session: the divine in me bows to the divine in you. But let’s up the ante a bit. Is yoga more than the power of positive breathing? Can it, say, cure cancer? Fend off heart attacks? Rejuvenate post-menopausal women? Just as important for yoga’s application by mainstream doctors, can its presumed benefits be measured by conventional medical standards? Is yoga, in other words, a science? Read the rest of this entry »

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लुम्बिनीमा बन्ने भो नेपाली विहार

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 24, 2011

हिमेशरत्न वज्राचार्य 

काठमाडौ, भाद्र ७ – बुद्धको जन्मथलो लुम्बिनीमा पहिलोपल्ट नेपाली मौलिक बौद्ध वास्तुकलामा आधारित विहार बन्ने भएको छ । लुम्बिनी विकास कोषले वज्रयानी परम्परामा आधारित विहार बनाउन यसैसाता नेपाल परम्परागत बौद्ध धर्म संघलाई जिम्मेवारी दिएको हो ।

लुम्बिनीमा दर्जनभन्दा बढी विदेशी विहार भए पनि अहिलेसम्म नेपाली विहार छैन । लुम्बिनीमा विभिन्न देशका विहार स्थापना गर्न ‘मोनास्टिक जोन’ छुट्टयाइएको छ । त्यसमा चीन, कोरिया, जापान, थाइल्यान्ड, बर्मा, भियतनाम, जर्मनी र अरू बौद्ध धर्म पछ्याउने देशका विहार छन् ।

बुद्ध जन्मथलो घुम्न आउनेहरूका लागि यी विहार सर्वाधिक आकर्षण केन्द्र रहने गरेका छन् । ‘लुम्बिनीको बौद्ध विहार क्षेत्रमा पहिलोपल्ट नेपाली मौलिक वास्तुकलामा आधारित विहार बन्न लागेको हो,’ बौद्ध विद्वान् नरेशमान वज्राचार्यले भने । यो विहार ‘मोनास्टिक जोन’ को ‘डब्लूसी-टु प्लट’ मा छ । Read the rest of this entry »

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Why the Buddha Touched the Earth

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 23, 2011

By John Stanley and David Loy

“The entire cosmos is a cooperative. The sun, the moon, and the stars live together as a cooperative. The same is true for humans and animals, trees, and the Earth. When we realize that the world is a mutual, interdependent, cooperative enterprise — then we can build a noble environment. If our lives are not based on this truth, then we shall perish.” –Buddhadasa Bhikkhu

“The term ‘engaged Buddhism’ was created to restore the true meaning of Buddhism. Engaged Buddhism is simply Buddhism applied in our daily lives. If it’s not engaged, it can’t be called Buddhism. Buddhist practice takes place not only in monasteries, meditation halls and Buddhist institutes, but in whatever situation we find ourselves. Engaged Buddhism means the activities of daily life combined with the practice of mindfulness. –Thich Nhat Hanh

In one of Buddhism’s iconic images, Gautama Buddha sits in meditation with his left palm upright on his lap, while his right hand touches the earth. Demonic forces have tried to unseat him, because their king, Mara, claims that place under the bodhi tree. As they proclaim their leader’s powers, Mara demands that Gautama produce a witness to confirm his spiritual awakening. The Buddha simply touches the earth with his right hand, and the Earth itself immediately responds: “I am your witness.” Mara and his minions vanish. The morning star appears in the sky. This moment of supreme enlightenment is the central experience from which the whole of the Buddhist tradition unfolds.

The great 20th-century Vedantin, Ramana Maharshi said that the Earth is in a constant state ofdhyana. The Buddha’s earth-witness mudra (hand position) is a beautiful example of “embodied cognition.” His posture and gesture embody unshakeable self-realization. He does not ask heavenly beings for assistance. Instead, without using any words, the Buddha calls on the Earth to bear witness.

The Earth has observed much more than the Buddha’s awakening. For the last 3 billion years the Earth has borne witness to the evolution of its innumerable life-forms, from unicellular creatures to the extraordinary diversity and complexity of plant and animal life that flourishes today. We not only observe this multiplicity, we are part of it — even as our species continues to damage it. Many biologists predict that half the Earth’s plant and animal species could disappear by the end of this century, on the current growth trajectories of human population, economy and pollution. This sobering fact reminds us that global warming is the primary, but not the only, extraordinary ecological crisis confronting us today. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 22, 2011

[We are trying to find the best way to bring this to the notice of proper educational authorities who make decisions on textbooks and curriculum. This approach perhaps shall be more productive than locating and writing to every publisher who may have wrong information in their books. But, we are unaware at this point who in the US decides the curriculum/textbooks for K to 12 grades. Is it individual school boards, counties, state or the federal government? If your team happens to know this or any other advice or guidance to lead us to the right direction, we shall very much appreciate the help.]

By B. K. Rana 
Dear Sharmaji,

Many thanks for your concern over the birthplace of the Buddha and the interest you have shown in the ‘on-going discussion’ on Lumbini and Kapilvastu also. If you ask us – we would say straight – we personally have no problem at all whether the Buddha was born here in Nepal or there in India – as he happens to be a universal figure of reverence and worship also belonging to the humanity of all times.

As scholars differ and have therefore offered differing opinions on the birthplace, Lumbini and Kapilvastu also, those opinions do not bother us at all. We are only concerned – why such a controversy for so long almost 100 years and why no consensus on the issue until today? Some scholars have wearily concluded that debating the Buddha birth place – Lumbini and Kapilvastu is ‘waste of time’ and it is a matter to be settled in between Tourism Ministries of Nepal and India!   Read the rest of this entry »

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The eye of the Buddha

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 22, 2011

Where China Meets India: Burma and the New Crossroads of Asia. By Thant Myint-U. Faber and Faber; 358 pages; £20. To be published in America next month by Farrar, Straus and Giroux; $27. Buy from

FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT did not have much time for Burma or the Burmese. The sympathy he felt for Indian demands for independence from Britain did not extend to that other piece of the British Raj now known as Myanmar. In 1942 he wrote to Winston Churchill: “I wish you could put the whole bunch of them into a frying pan with a wall around it and let them stew in their own juice.”

In unforeseen ways, the American president largely got his wish. The military dictatorship under General Ne Win that seized power in Burma in 1962 erected a virtual wall around the country, sealing it off from almost all outside influence. The junta that succeeded him after nationwide protests in 1988 has tried to open up the country. Viewed from the West, its efforts seem vain. Despite a farcical election last year, Myanmar remains subject to Western economic sanctions and its leaders are still largely shunned by their American and European counterparts. The only Burmese politician widely known in the West is Aung San Suu Kyi, an opposition leader who has spent most of the past two decades in detention and whose party is now technically illegal. Read the rest of this entry »

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At Buddha’s birthplace: A Chinese development proposal causes disbelief

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 22, 2011

Readers’ comments

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1-15 of 15
CleanThought wrote:
Aug 18th 2011 11:33 GMT

3B may be big amount for Nepal but given the gravity of urge to put the livelihood of people living in a place where a philosophy of eternal peace and civilization took its birth some 2560 years ago is not enough. Apple corporation has 80B cash in hand, worlds most valuable company on the otherhand US treasury and government is bailed by China! If 3B is real from China to Lumbini, so what? Have writer been to Lumbini? Or Nepal? Nepal is Chinas immidate neighbor! Buddhim is China’s national religion too!

Water flows downward because of gravity which is natural force! Money flows towards where there is opportunity! Where is oppurnity? In a island where people do not ware sleepers? It’s an attitude driven by prespective of gain or interest or gratitude! Who on the earth is largest trade partner with US and India, China? Then why so big huha from India (if there is any) if China aims to be largest trade partner to Nepal too! It’s India’s problem they did not had enough time to regard their neighbor’s best along with their economic prosperity! India’s rulers from past 20 years or more thought its government officers expatriate childrens earned money, transferred skills and network management is only biggest job for them! India suppose to lead in it’s varried roles in all fronts with it’s neighbor in South Asia as per expectation from the globe, could not delivered. Simply no serious thought given on formulating and improving policy towards its neighbor. Just lost in the greed of few administrative diplomat’s parrot taught old school of thought left by British India so called India’s foreign policy!

Frankly people from India and Nepal are far ahead in awareness than the leaders from there! All know India do not have any foreign policy with US, China or Nepal on the other and all know China have serious vision for US, India and Nepal. And all rest of the world including Africa. Read the rest of this entry »

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Lumbini: the Birth-place of Buddha

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 19, 2011

NEPAL has always fascinated the world with her majestic religious sites and picturesque beauty of mountains, and the serenity in the hearts of her people. Though the Nepalese have diverse beliefs and ethnic backgrounds, all unite and respect each other’s culture and religion marking unity in diversity. Nepal is endowed with many historical, religious and cultural aspects of interest. One of these mesmerizing holy places, Lumbini, where the Buddha Shakyamuni was born in 623 BC is situated in the south-western Terai of Nepal and is 298 kms away from the capital. Lumbini evokes a kind of holy sentiment to the millions of Buddhists all over the world. The following menu which takes you to other Important Buddhist Places in the Lumbini and its surroundings.





 Tilaurakot : Kapilavastu







Lumbini is the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautama, the Sakya prince, and the ultimate Buddha, the Perfectly Enlightened one. The site of his nativity is marked by the commemorative pillar erected by Indian Buddhist emperor Ashoka over 2,200 years ago and was rediscovered in 1896. Thus, as Ashoka himself acknowledged, Lumbini is a quintessential Buddhist heritage site, currently undergoing a renaissance by the internationally supported Lumbini Development Project


Across the world and throughout the ages, religious people have made pilgrimages. Many great teachers of the Buddhist tradition maintained the practice of pilgrimages, paying respect to the holy sites.


The Buddha himself exhorted his followers to visit what are now known as the four original places of Buddhist pilgrimage: Lumbini, Bodhgaya, Sarnath and Kushinagar.

The View of Mayadevi Temple with Asokan Pillar and Puskarini Pond in Lumbini as they looked in olden days.

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Buddha Born in Nepal – Nepali Documentary Trailer

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 14, 2011

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तीन अर्बको लुम्बिनी परियोजनाका लागि एपेकद्वारा दुई चिनियाँ संस्थासँग सम्झौता

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 12, 2011

नागरिक, काठमाडौं, साउन २७ (नागरिक)- चिनियाँ गैरसरकारी संस्था एसिया प्यासिफिक एक्सचेन्ज एन्ड कोअपरेसन फाउन्डेसन (एपेक) ले बिहीबार राजधानीमा ‘लुम्बिनी विकास विशेष परियोजना’ कार्यान्वयनका लागि दुई चिनियाँ संस्थासँग छुट्टाछुट्टै सम्झौतापत्रमा हस्ताक्षर गरेको छ।

एपेकसँग सम्झौतापत्रमा हस्ताक्षर गर्ने दुई चिनियाँ संस्थामा ताई तुङ कम्युनिकेसन लिमिटेड र भ्यानिअन इनभेस्टमेन्ट ग्रुप छन्।

एपेकका पदाधिकारीले राजधानीको होटल याक एन्ड यतीमा आयोजित एक कार्यक्रममा परियोजना ३ अर्ब अमेरिकी डलरको रहेको जानकारी दिँदै भने, ‘हामीले परियोजनाबारे नेपाल सरकारसँग औपचारिक रूपमा कुरा गरेका छैनौं।’

सरकारलाई जानकारी नदिई बनाइएको परियोजना हस्ताक्षर कार्यक्रममा संस्कृतिमन्त्री खगेन्द्रराज प्रसाईं भने दर्शकदीर्घामा बसी ताली पिटिरहेका थिए। एकीकृत माओवादीका अध्यक्ष तथा पूर्वप्रधानमन्त्री पुष्पकमल दाहालका छोरा प्रकाश दाहाल, उनकै स्वकीय सचिव समीर दाहाल, माओवादीकै नेताद्वय अमिक शेरचन र अग्नि सापकोटालगायत थिए।

‘धेरैपटक नेपाल आउँदा नेपाल सरकारका पदाधिकारीसँग भेटघाट गरेका थियौं, तर औपचारिक रूपमा लुम्बिनी विकास विशेष योजनाका विषयमा भने छलफल भएको छैन,’ एपेकका कार्यकारी उपाध्यक्ष लिनुस जिआओ उनानले कार्यक्रममा भने, ‘हामीले हाम्रो सन्देश दिएका छौं, अब हुन्छ-हुन्न भन्ने जिम्मा नेपालको हो।’

माओवादी अध्यक्ष दाहाल मलेसियाबाट फर्कने क्रममा एपेक अधिकारी सँगै आएका थिए। दाहाल एपेककै बैठकमा सहभागी हुन मलेसिया पुगेका थिए। लुम्बिनी विकास विशेष परियोजनाको पारदर्शिता तथा विश्वसनीयतामा प्रश्न उठ्न थालेपछि एपेकका पदाधिकारी यससम्बन्धी जानकारी दिन काठमाडौं आएका हुन्। Read the rest of this entry »

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APEC team makes first Lumbini visit

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 12, 2011

Representatives of China’s Asia Pacific Exchange and Cooperation (APEC) Foundation toured Lumbini on Thursday. The visit led by APEC Joint Chairman Colin Heseltine marks the first visit by the organisation after it announced a US$ 3 billion project to develop Lumbini as a global centre for Buddhism study.

Only on Wednesday, Taiwan-based communication company, TCCL, had returned after wrapping up the preliminary study on a modern communication facility for the proposed project.

“APEC is planning to transform Lumbini into an international hub for Buddhism, while helping in the preservation of ancient ruins and artifacts related to Buddhism,” said Heseltine.

He said APEC would equip Lumbini with modern communication technology and provide its assistance in infrastructure development works in the first phase. APEC could also launch various income generating activities to lift the economic standard of local people in the future, Heseltine said.

Majhilal Tharu Thainat, treasurer of Lumbini Development Trust, said that Heseltine’s visit helped confirm the APEC’s plan for Lumbini.  Read the rest of this entry »

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China to develop Lumbini in Nepal with USD 3 bln investment

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 9, 2011

From Shirish B Pradhan Kathmandu, Aug 9 (PTI) China today said it has signed a USD 3 billion deal with Nepal to develop Lumbini, the birth place of Lord Buddha by constructing an airport and other facilities in the southern region, adjoining India.Dismissing media reports about having a secret pact with Nepalese authorities, China has clarified that it has signed an agreement with Nepal’s Tourism Minister to launch the controversial mega project. Chinese Ambassador to Nepal Yang Houlan told a Madhesi party that they had signed the Memorandum of Understanding with Tourism Minister Khagda Bahadur, also a Maoist leader, regarding the mega project involving construction of airport, roads, hotels and other facilities to develop the area of southern Nepal adjoined to India. Read the rest of this entry »

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The place where Buddha attained face

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 7, 2011

As you know, every big mountain, being literally the navel of the Earth, eventually accumulates a lot of myths and legends, and becomes the axis of the foundation and the fantastic, yet very real stories. The perturbation vertical space bizarre twists of fate and age. For myths and legends of the local population is responsible, the heroes byley – different kinds of adventurers, mountaineers and other violent “surfers”.

It would be interesting to make something like a historical chronicle, for example, for each eight-, but it does take a lot for them to wander:) On Everest, I’ve tried to write , now part of Nanga Parbat, the more that this mountain will give good odds that the same Everest , and Kashmir – the place is not easy.

1. Nanga Parbat. Painting by Nicholas Roerich

Brief introduction: Nanga Parbat – the first ever eight-to which people have tried to ascend, the first-ever eight-, conquered by man alone. Prior to Everest climbing became popular in the environment, Nanga Parbat kept the championship in the number of dead climbers.

This mountain has witnessed the birth and development of Buddhism in the region, not far from it came the first image of the Buddha. Her foot was held Alexander of Macedon, the Muslim conquerors (ie, Tamerlane and his descendant Babur founded the Mughal dynasty), Sikh invaders. Nanga Parbat knows first hand what a big game of British and Russian empires. Roerich painted the mountain. In the end, this mountain long before the whole of Europe saw the swastika neinduistskuyu – at the top in the early 1930s, tried to climb the Nazis.


Once part of Afghanistan, part of the Pamirs, the whole of northern Pakistani-administered Kashmir and Ladakh were Buddhist. About Ladakh is known to many, but here’s what Baltistan (Gilgit Baltistan, now known as the northern part of Kashmir) had a different name – Tibet-i-Khurd, little is known. Translates it as a Small Tibet, the vast majority of people here and now speaks the language of the Baltic States – one of the western dialect of Tibetan language, but it is Muslim.

A little farther west, in the valleys of Dir and Swat in the XX century, excavated six years of Buddhist temples and villages of the world’s greatest Tibetologist Giuseppe Tucci (incidentally, the teacher Michelle Pesselya, which show the way to go in Pesselya forbidden kingdom Mustang). Tucci found in Swat as many Buddhist antiquities, that the excavation could not stop until now.

However, once from 2007 to 2009 he held down the valley of the Taliban, a Buddhist heritage was dealt a severe blow. The Taliban began destroying bodrenko “idols”, as in his time destroyed Bamiyan Buddhas in Afghanistan. This is despite the fact that none of the Muslim invaders of the early period up to Tamerlane’s finger to these monuments were not touched. Yes, and “idols” are in fact older than Islam in a couple of hundred years.

In 326 BC through the Khyber Pass connecting Afghanistan with Pakistan today, in the kingdom of Gandhara Alexander of Macedon invaded. He went with his army across Kashmir, crossed the Indus and Jhelum and even went to the Ganges.

2. Jhelum River (also known as Gidaspov). Here Macedonian army defeated the Indians along the river lay our way to Nanga Parbat

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Lumbini mega project: Chinese APEC inspection team in Nepal

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 6, 2011

A team representing the Chinese government backed Asia



Pacific Exchange and Cooperation Foundation has landed in Kathmandu, August 6, 2011. The team comprises of related ministry officials from China.

The objective of the visit is to carryout study for preparing detailed plans for overall face-lifting of Lord Buddha’s birth place in Lumbini, Nepal.

The foundation has plans to invest US$3 Billion in Lumbini.

According to the Area Development Plan prepared by the foundation, Airport, Hotels, convention centers, new highways, Buddhist temples and a Buddhist University will be constructed in the area with the colossal amount.

“Today the team will be heading to Pokhara by land route and will finally arrive in Lumbini by tomorrow”, claim high placed sources.

Sources claim that the “inspection” team will be staying in Nepal for ten days or so.

Lumbini is located 172 KM South-West of capital Kathmandu.

In the first phase of Project an International Airport and a Railway fast track joining Kathmandu to Lumbini will be constructed.

The foundation has allocated some US$1.5 Billion for the first phase of the project.

The estimated time for completion of the project is nine years.

The Foundation will closely cooperate with the Ministries of Tourism, Physical Planning and Development and Communication during the project period.

Nevertheless, some pro-Indian media and political leaders have been openly objecting to the benevolent Chinese support for Lumbini claiming that it would be against India’s security interest in Nepal and a few who where supporting the Lumbini Development Project until the other day have mysteriously changed their stance. Lumbini mega project: Chinese APEC inspection team in Nepal.

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Nepal’s “Singing Nun” International Hit

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 6, 2011

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Lumbini World Peace City: A vision and perspective

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 3, 2011

By Karna Sakya
Second World Buddhist Summit. 2004
Lumbini Nov.30-Dec.2.2004

Abstract –

Lumbini is a peerless landmark of the Buddhist world. This is the only active religious place that has been listed in the World Heritage Site by the UNESCO. Lumbini symbolized ultimate peace and harmony. The eyes of Buddha are the emblem of love and worship and kindness and compassion are the synonym of Buddhism. While the world is getting restless and tensed because of various conflicts, the desire for peace in Nepal also has become almost like an obsession. At this critical juncture, declaration of Lumbini as a World Peace City is very appropriate and perhaps this is the only suitable place in this region for it. Establishment of a World Peace City in Lumbini is a important and timely task to be performed; not that we would, but we should, and we could.

The purpose of the Lumbini World Peace City is not to create a mega-city of the world or does it have any intention to deface the existing villages into a shanty town. Its aim is to set-up a quintessential self-contained town of the Buddha’s era in a 21 century format. Think globally and act locally is the strategy of Lumbini World Peace City. The vision is to build a small, traditional and low cost but conventional, comprehensive and innovative city system that carry a nostalgic ambiance of Kapilbastu revisited. Declaring Lumbini as a World Peace City contributes significantly in strengthening national peace process in the country. 

Lumbini may be an intellectual playground for few, a religious site for some and a birthplace for many. But a place like Lumbini cannot be a prerogative to any casts, creeds and intellectuals. Peace doesn’t prevail in the island of the sea of poor. While developing infrastructure and undertaking poverty alleviation program in Lumbini, the World Peace City should initiates peace education simultaneously. Peace education prepares local communities to voice their realities, experiences, understandings biases, commitments, hopes, despair, and at the same time to fulfill the rights and duties.. The synergism of religion, wisdom and action is the formula to make the peace equation work. Lumbini World Peace City will be a ‘gift to the Earth’ from Nepal and from the Nepalese people.

This paper is presented in the second World Buddhist Summit held in the holiest land of Buddha’s birthplace on 30th November 2004. I am grateful to the organization committee of the Lumbini Development Trust for giving me an honor to present a challenging paper on developing Lumbini as a World Peace City. It is indeed a complex issue to dwell on especially in the present turmoil political situation. Read the rest of this entry »

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Strengthening the Conservation and Management of Lumbini; the Birthplace of Lord Buddha

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 1, 2011

                                                   ©UNESCO/Nipuna Shrestha – Maya Devi temple in Lumbini

Lumbini, as the birthplace of Lord Buddha, is a sacred place of pilgrimage for Buddhists from across the world. The historic site, located in the Rupandehi district of Nepal, some 300km southwest of the capital Kathmandu, was inscribed onto the World Heritage List in 1997. The holy area contains the ruins of ancient monasteries, a sacred Bodhi tree, an ancient bathing pond, the Ashoka Pillar and the Maya Devi Temple with a the Nativity Sculpture and the Marker Stone indicating the place of Lord Buddha’s birth.

About the Project

The project “Strengthening the Conservation and Management of Lumbini; the Birthplace of Lord Buddha, World Heritage Property” is funded by the Government of Japan within the framework of the Japanese Funds-in-Trust for the preservation of the world’s cultural heritage.

The project is being implemented by the UNESCO Kathmandu Office, in cooperation with the Department of Archaeology of Nepal’s Ministry of Federal Affairs, Constituent Assembly, Parliament Affairs and Culture, and the Lumbini Development Trust.

The project implementation started with the signature of the Plan of Operation on 16 July 2010 by the Government of Nepal and UNESCO. The project takes into account urgent and critical works focused on conserving the outstanding universal value of the site and protecting it from any irreversible negative impacts by fostering the conservation of the Ashoka Pillar, the Marker Stone and the Nativity Sculpture; providing a survey of the archaeological vestiges within and around the property; a review on the present state of the Sacred Garden in respect to the Kenzo Tange Master Plan; and establishing an integrated management process for the entire site.  Read the rest of this entry »

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