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‘कपिलवस्तु’ प्रति भारतीय सुरक्षाकर्मीको आपत्ति

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 24, 2012

कपिलवस्तु, भाद्र ५ –
सीमा क्षेत्रको पिपरा ७, चाकलचौडामा नवनिर्मित प्रवेशद्वारमा लेखिएको शब्दप्रति भारतीय सीमा सुरक्षा बल -एसएसबी) ले विरोध जनाएको छ । जिविसले निर्माण गरेको द्वारको माथिल्लो भागमा ठूलो अक्षरमा लेखिएको ‘वेलकम टु कपिलवस्त’ु वाक्यप्रति आपत्ति व्यक्त गरेका हुन् । कपिलवस्तु भारतमा पर्ने भएकाले त्यसलाई मेटाउन निर्देशन गरेका थिए । एसएसबीका कमान्डर बर्मन चौधरीले बोलाएर कपिलवस्तु शब्द मेटाउन निर्देशन गरेको द्वारको ठेक्का लिएका ठेकेदार रमेश मिश्रले बताए । अधिकृतले बुद्धकालीन कपिलवस्तु गणराज्य भारतको सिद्धार्थनगर जिल्लास्थित अलिगढवामा पर्ने भन्दै विरोध गरेका हुन् ।

ठेकेदार मिश्रले ठेक्का दिने निकायले शब्दसहित वाक्य लेख्न दिएकाले आफूले मेटाउन नसक्ने बताए । दुई देशका डीएम -जिल्ला प्रमुख) स्तरमा कुराकानी गरेर समस्या समाधान गर्न उनलाई -एसएसबी कमान्डर) सुझाएको बताए । यस विषयमा स्थानीय प्रशासनलाई कुनै जानकारी नआएको प्रशासकीय अधिकृत पुरन गिरीले बताए । नाका भएर आउने सर्वसाधारणदेखि पर्यटकलाई स्वागत गर्न भनेर २ वर्ष लगाएर जिविसले १३ लाखभन्दा बढीको लागतमा द्वार बनाएको हो ।

२००७ सालअघिदेखि नेपालमा कपिलवस्तु नाम अस्तित्वमा थियो भने भारतमा २० वर्षअघिदेखि कपिलवस्तु नाम प्रचार गर्न लागिएको बताइएको छ । सीमादेखि ५/७ सय मिटर दक्षिण सिद्धार्थनगर जिल्लास्थित अलिगढवामा भगवान गौतम बुद्धसँग सम्बन्धित एक बिहार रहेको छ ।

@ekantipur

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APEC active again on Lumbini project

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 22, 2012

PURNA BASNET

HONG KONG, Aug 20: The Chinese international non-government organization (INGO) Asia Pacific Exchange Cooperation (APEC) that came into controversy after it brought in a proposal to invest US $3 billion in Lumbini has become active again to push its project.

Executive director of APEC, Xiao Wunan, has gone on to New Delhi to hold discussions with Indian leaders after holding a meeting with UCPN(Maoist) Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal.

Shortly after the visit here of Chinese Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs Fu Wing, an APEC delegation comprising Executive Director Xiao, other officials and investors in the multi-billion dollar project had arrived in Kathmandu.

The delegation that landed in Kathmandu on Sunday held a meeting at Maoist party headquarters at Parisdanda.  Read the rest of this entry »

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Buddha Jayanti Sydney 2012 & honor to Writer Dr Kavitaram

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 22, 2012

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Please PROMOTE: “Buddha was born in Nepal” & “Mt. Everest is in Nepal”

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 19, 2012

by Prem Guragain

Anybody with basic education should know that “Lord Buddha” was born in Nepal and “Mount Everest is in Nepal”. (Nepal is a beautiful country which lies between India and China: Please check the world map which has a flag with “Moon” and “Sun”)

If you ask general public, “Do you know where was Buddha born ? ” and “Do you know where is Mount Everest ?”. The immediate answer will be : In India because that is what the books published by so called historians had been saying or the modern world leaders are promoting.

Please do little research and you will know that Nepal is PROUD country with so much Natural resources, beautiful mountains, rivers, green trees, temples, stupas etc. Read the rest of this entry »

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वुद्ध जन्मस्थल प्रसंग: कोरियामा खुलेको ढोका र यस्को निरन्तरताको अपरिहार्यता

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 18, 2012

[लुम्बिनी-कपिलवस्तु दिवस (पहिला कपिलवस्तु दिवस) अभियान शुरु भएपस्चात बुद्ध जन्मस्थलबारे सिर्जित बिस्वब्यापी दिग्भ्रम निस्तेज पार्ने क्रममा प्राप्त उल्लेख्य उपलब्धी भएका छन । बिशेषत: तात्कालिन प्रधानमन्त्री माधव कुमार नेपाललाई अभियानका तर्फबाट अभियानका केन्द्रिय सल्लाहकारहरु डा आरजु देउवा राणा, पूर्व मन्त्री राजेन्द्र श्रेष्ठ, पूर्व मन्त्री दीप कुमार उपाध्याय, डा कबिताराम श्रेष्ठ लगायतको टिमले बुझाएको ज्ञापनपत्रमा जोड दिइएको एउटा बुँदा बिभिन्न देशको पाठ्य पुस्तकमा नै बुद्ध जन्मस्थलबारे गलत जानकारी राखिएकोले कुटनितिक नियोग मार्फत यो समस्या समाधानको लागि नेपाल सरकारद्धारा पहल गरिनु पर्ने भन्ने थियो र गत अक्टोबर २४  को कान्तिपुर दैनिकमा ‘बुद्धबारे भ्रम’ सम्बन्धी समाचारमा समेत सोही कुरामा जोड दिइएको समाचार पढेपछि गत डिसेम्बर १९ मा कोरियाका लागि तत्कालीन नेपाली राजदूत महामहिम कमलप्रसाद कोइरालाले त्यहाँका राष्ट्रपति ली म्यङ बाकलाई बुद्ध सम्बन्धी भ्रमहरु पाठ्यपुस्तकहरुमा सच्याई दिन आग्रह गर्दै चार पृष्ठ लामो पत्र लेख्नु भएपछि त्यहाँको सरकारले त्यहाँको पाठ्य पुस्तकमा भएको बुद्ध जन्मस्थलबारे भएको गलत जानकारी सच्याउने निर्णय गरेको छ र वास्तबमा अभियानको लागि यो कोषे ढुङ्गा नै हो र यस्लाई अन्य देशमा समेत निरन्तरता दिन सकिनु नै यो विस्वब्यापी समस्या समाधानको लागि सबैभन्दा प्रभाबकारी उपाय भएकोले अभियानका बिस्व संयोजकद्धारा ईमेल मार्फत सबै कुटनीतिक नियोग, बिभिन्न पार्टीका बरिस्ठ नेताहरुलाई समेत समाबेश गरी सर्कुलेट गरिएको लेख]

By रामकुमार श्रेष्ठ 

निर्माणाधिन नक्कली लुम्बिनी र कपिलबस्तु जस्तो ठूलो परियोजना नै करीब करीब संपन्न हुने अवस्थामा पुगिसक्ता समेत यस्तो संबेदनशील बिषयमा पनि बुद्धको वास्तबिक जन्मस्थल नेपालको तर्फबाट देखिएको एक किसिमको सर्ब पक्षीय मौनताका कारण बिभिन्न देशमा छरिएर रहेका नेपालीहरुले ईतिहासमा पहिलो पटक १ डिसेम्बर २००९ लाई “कपिलवस्तु दिवस विस्व दिवस” को रुपमा मनाए । गौतम बुद्ध लुम्बिनीमा जन्मेका हुन भन्ने सबभन्दा राम्रो प्रमाण अशोक स्तम्भलाई बिस्व सामू १ डिसेम्बर १८९६ मा जर्मन पुरातत्वबिद अण्टोन फुहररले ल्याएको दिनलाई महत्व दिनु उपयुक्त र सान्दर्भिक हुने ठहर गरी यो दिनलाई कपिलवस्तु दिवसको रुपमा मनाइएको थियो । अन्तराष्ट्रिय रुपमा बिभिन्न देशमा बिभिन्न कार्यक्रम र बिशेष गरी अन्तराष्ट्रिय सामाजिक सन्जाल मार्फत इण्टरनेटबाट मनाइएको यस दिवसलाई निरन्तरता दिने अभिप्रायले २०१० को मै ११ र सेप्टेम्बर १६ गरी दुई चरणमा २१ सदस्यीय विस्व कार्य समिति गठन गरियो । जस्मा तीन ठूला पार्टीको प्रतिनिधित्व समेत हुने गरी दुई जना बिदेशीलाई समेत समाबेश गराएर आठ सदस्यीय सल्लाहकार मण्डल पनि गठन गरियो । तेश्रो दिवस मनाउनु अघि स्पेनबेल्जियमवेलायतक्यानडान्यूजिल्याण्डताईवान, डेनमार्क, नेपाल र अस्ट्रेलिया गरी नौ देशमा राष्ट्रिय समिति गठन गरिए ।

लुम्बिनी क्षेत्रको बिकासमा देखा परेका बिभिन्न सकारात्मक गतिबिधि र संकेतहरुले गर्दा अभियानको नाममा लुम्बिनी शब्द कुनै न कुनै किसिमले जोडनका लागि आएका धेरै शुभ चिन्तकहरुको सुझाबलाई ध्यानमा राखेर अभियानको बिस्व कार्य समितिको निर्णयानुसार अभियानको नाम  “लुम्बिनी-कपिलवस्तु दिवस अभियान” मा परिवर्तन गरिएको जानकारी नेपालमा मन्त्रीहरु, पूर्व मन्त्रीहरु, सांसदहरु र थुप्रै राष्ट्रिय स्तरका ब्यक्तिहरुको उपस्थितिमा पूर्व प्रधानमंत्री एबं  वृहत लुम्बिनी विकास राष्ट्रिय निर्देशक समितिका संयोजक पुष्प कमल दाहाल प्रचन्डको प्रमुख आतिथ्यमा भएको कार्यक्रम मार्फत आधिकारिक घोषणा गरिएको थियो । नामका कारण यो अभियान कपिलवस्तुकै सीमाभित्रै मात्र सीमित थिएन र कपिलवस्तुलाई पनि ब्यापक रुपमा प्रचार प्रसार गरेर बुद्धले आफ्नो जीवनको २९ बर्ष ब्यतित गर्नु भएको महत्वपूर्ण ठाउँलाई पनि यूनेस्कोको विस्व संपदा सूचिमा पार्न भूमिका निर्बाह गर्न सकिन्थ्यो कि भन्ने पनि अभियानको चाहना हो । यसरी नाम परिवर्तन गरिएपस्चात मलेशियाकम्बोडियाभियतनामजर्मन र  इजरायलमा राष्ट्रिय समिति गठन भएपछि राष्ट्रिय समितिको संख्या चौध पुगेको छ । त्यसरी नै नेपालमा पत्रकारहरुको र पर्यटकहरुको समिति गठन गर्ने र स्थानीय स्तरमा समेत समितिहरु गठन गर्ने काम भए ।

अभियानकै योगदान नभए तापनि अभियान शुरु भएपस्चात जापान सरकारको लागानी र काठमाण्डौंस्थित यूनेस्कोको संयोजकत्वमा यूनेस्कोको पुरातत्वबिद वेलायतको डुरहाम बिस्वबिद्यालयका प्राध्यापक रविन कनिङ्घामको नेतृत्वमा पाँच बर्षे सर्बेक्षण शुरु, नेपाल-चीन सांस्कृतिक सदभाब सन्धी मस्यौदा बुझाउने क्रममा नेपाल पक्षद्धारा गौतम बुद्धको जन्मस्थलको वरिपरि कपिलवस्तु, रुपन्देही र नवलपरासी जिल्लाहरुमा बुद्धिस्ट पर्यटकलाई आकर्षण गर्नको लागि बुद्धिस्ट सर्क्युट तयार गरिदिनको लागि गरिएको आग्रहमा चिनिया पक्ष सकारात्मक, मन्त्री परिषदको निर्णयनुसार पूर्व प्रधानमन्त्री प्रचन्डको संयोजकत्वमा वृहत लुम्बिनी विकास राष्ट्रिय निर्देशक समिति गठन र त्यसपस्चात प्रचण्डकै नेतृत्वमा गएको नेपाली प्रतिनिधि मण्डलको प्रस्तावमा वृहत लुम्बिनी विकासको अन्तरराष्ट्रिय समितिको संयोजकमा संयुक्त राष्ट्र संघका महासचिब वान की मून बस्न सहमत जस्ता लुम्बिनी बिकासका सन्दर्भमा सकारात्मक सुखद समाचारहरु देखा परेका छन । Read the rest of this entry »

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Science and Religion

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 13, 2012

This article appears in Einstein’s Ideas and Opinions, pp.41 – 49. The first section is taken from an address at Princeton Theological Seminary, May 19, 1939. It was published in Out of My Later Years, New York: Philosophical Library, 1950. The second section is from Science, Philosophy and Religion, A Symposium, published by the Conference on Science, Philosophy and Religion in Their Relation to the Democratic Way of Life, Inc., New York, 1941.


During the last century, and part of the one before, it was widely held that there was an unreconcilable conflict between knowledge and belief. The opinion prevailed among advanced minds that it was time that belief should be replaced increasingly by knowledge; belief that did not itself rest on knowledge was superstition, and as such had to be opposed. According to this conception, the sole function of education was to open the way to thinking and knowing, and the school, as the outstanding organ for the people’s education, must serve that end exclusively.

One will probably find but rarely, if at all, the rationalistic standpoint expressed in such crass form; for any sensible man would see at once how one-sided is such a statement of the position. Einstein in 1946But it is just as well to state a thesis starkly and nakedly, if one wants to clear up one’s mind as to its nature.

It is true that convictions can best be supported with experience and clear thinking. On this point one must agree unreservedly with the extreme rationalist. The weak point of his conception is, however, this, that those convictions which are necessary and determinant for our conduct and judgments cannot be found solely along this solid scientific way.

For the scientific method can teach us nothing else beyond how facts are related to, and conditioned by, each other.The aspiration toward such objective knowledge belongs to the highest of which man is capabIe, and you will certainly not suspect me of wishing to belittle the achievements and the heroic efforts of man in this sphere. Yet it is equally clear that knowledge of what is does not open the door directly to what should be. Read the rest of this entry »

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Melbourne Saahitya Sangeet Jamaghat at Coburg Library

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 12, 2012

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नेपालको सपना

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 12, 2012

धरातल एउटै थियो, कोही महलमा पुगे कोही बगरैमा छन ।
गाउँमा खुशी ल्याउँछु भन्दै हिंडेकाहरु उतै शहरैमा छन ।।

के पाउने आशमा क-कस्ले के के गुमाए लेखा जोखा छैन ।
दुस्ट सबै पुस्ट भैसके निमुखा आँफै छाक टार्ने रहरैमा छन ।।

जगत सारा पुकार्दै छन शान्ति र सदभावको लागि ।
सुन्दैनन कोही ती त दक्षिण दैत्य पुज्न धुप बत्ती अगरमै छन ।।

कोशी बेचियो कर्णली बेचियो लुम्बिनी दागा धर्दै छन दैत्य ।
जनताको लागि लडेकाहरु लिलाम गर्न देश उतै दिल्ली नगरमै छन ।।

आलोपालो स्वार्थको कुण्डमा, जनताको पुरोडास हाले .
सती गयो जनताको त्याग, समृद्ध नेपालको सपना शायद सगरमै छन ।।

अनुपम पाठक
मेलबर्न

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Buddha Nature and the Divided Brain

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 9, 2012

By John Stanley and David Loy

The intuitive mind is a sacred gift, and the rational mind is a faithful servant. We have created a world that honors the servant, but has forgotten the gift.
–Albert Einstein

Except in the light of brain hemisphere lateralization, nothing in human psychology makes any sense.
–neuroscientist Tim Crow

An Old Tale

There’s a traditional Buddhist story about a statue of incomparable value, which is lost and then forgotten. For generation after generation, various kinds of human rubbish and debris accumulate to bury it. Nobody ever suspects that anything important lies under the ground. Eventually a clairvoyant person happens by who comments: “If you dig here, and clean up what you find, you will discover something invaluable.” But who would follow such advice?

Our Divided Brain

In his remarkable book, “The Master and his Emissary,” neurological psychologist Iain McGilchristprovides a wealth of scientific evidence to support his contention that two opposed realities are rooted in the bi-hemispheric structure of the human brain.

Although each hemisphere is specialized, neither functions as an “independent brain.” They integrate their activities to produce physical movements, mental processes and behaviors greater than, and different from, their individual contributions. With functional NMR scanners, real-time brain imaging is now routinely used to determine the functional effects of all kinds of strokes and brain injuries, and in that way we can observe how the hemispheres act together as “opponent processors.”

Basically, the right hemisphere is mute, perceives in a holistic Gestalt manner and synthesizes over space. The left hemisphere, the seat of language, analyzes over time. The right hemisphere codes sensory input in terms of images, the left in terms of words and concepts. Specialization of function offers all kinds of advantages, but integrating those functions is a special point of vulnerability. When it comes to the large and complex human mind-brain, harmony can easily be lost. Read the rest of this entry »

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Good News: You Are Not Your Brain

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 8, 2012

By Deepak Chopra, M.D., FACP, and Dr. Rudolph E. Tanzi, Ph.D., Joseph P. and Rose F. Kennedy, Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School Director, Genetics and Aging at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH).

Like a personal computer, science needs a recycle bin for ideas that didn’t work out as planned. In this bin would go commuter trains riding on frictionless rails using superconductivity, along with interferon, the last AIDS vaccine, and most genetic therapies. These failed promises have two things in common: They looked like the wave of the future but then reality proved too complex to fit the simple model that was being offered.

The next thing to go into the recycle bin might be the brain. We are living in a golden age of brain research, thanks largely to vast improvements in brain scans. Now that functional MRIs can give snapshots of the brain in real time, researchers can see specific areas of the brain light up, indicating increased activity. On the other hand, dark spots in the brain indicate minimal activity or none at all. Thus, we arrive at those familiar maps that compare a normal brain with one that has deviated from the norm. This is obviously a great boon where disease is concerned. Doctors can see precisely where epilepsy or Parkinsonism or a brain tumor has created damage, and with this knowledge new drugs and more precise surgery can target the problem.

But then overreach crept in. We are shown brain scans of repeat felons with pointers to the defective areas of their brains. The same holds for Buddhist monks, only in their case, brain activity is heightened and improved, especially in the prefrontal lobes associated with compassion. By now there is no condition, good or bad, that hasn’t been linked to a brain pattern that either “proves” that there is a link between the brain and a certain behavior or exhibits the “cause” of a certain trait. The whole assumption, shared by 99 percent of neuroscientists, is that we are our brains.

In this scheme, the brain is in charge, having evolved to control certain fixed behaviors. Why do men see other men as rivals for a desirable woman? Why do people seek God? Why does snacking in front of the TV become a habit? We are flooded with articles and books reinforcing the same assumption: The brain is using you, not the other way around. Yet it’s clear that a faulty premise is leading to gross overreach. Read the rest of this entry »

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President Obama, this is the time to act for Peace and respect Peace Messenger

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 6, 2012

Dear President Obama,

Recently we also highlighted these photos and the news when you visited Great Buddha in Japan and Hilari Clinton was placing Lotus flowers on a Buddha statue thinking that these photos and moments could have some meaning and value in World Peace.

The Buddha is revered as a Messenger of Peace. He is also known as the Light of Asia who is actually the Light of the World as his message of peace and non-violence has become more relevant as the world is facing many violence problems today. The world today has become more violent than ever before. Therefore, it was decided to spread the messages of the Buddha all over the world by observing Lumbini-Kapilvastu Day every year.  Read the rest of this entry »

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मेलबर्नको साहित्यिक कार्यक्रममा बुद्ध जन्मस्थल प्रसंग प्राथमिकतामा

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 5, 2012

५ अगस्ट, २०१२ कोबर्ग, मेलबर्न: आज मेलबर्नको कोबर्गस्थित पुस्तकालयको हलमा साहित्यकार र साहित्यप्रेमीहरुको साहित्यिक जमघट कार्यक्रम संपन्न भएको छ । कार्यक्रमको शुरु गर्दै अंकित सुकीले यस किसिमको कार्यक्रम प्रत्येक महिनाको पहिलो आईतवार करीब एक बर्षदेखि नियमित रुपमा गर्दै आएको जानकारी दिनु भयो । उहाँले बिदेश बसाइको ब्यस्त जीवन र बिभिन्न समस्याका बाबजुद यस कार्यक्रमलाई अबिछिन्न रुपमा जीवन्तता दिन सफल भएको जानकारी दिनु भयो ।
लुम्बिनी-कपिलवस्तु दिवस अभियानका बिस्व संयोजक रामकुमार श्रेष्ठले अभियान शुरु गर्नु पर्नाका कारणहरु र छोटो समयमा यस्ले गरेको संगठनात्मक बिस्तार र प्रगति र यस्का गतिबिधिहरुबारे संक्षिप्तमा जानकारी दिंदै साहित्यकारहरुको एउटा बिशेष चरित्र भनेको समाजमा बिद्यमान सामाजिक बिकृति र बिसंगति निराकरणका खातिर निडरतापूर्बक लडनु पनि भएकोले सत्यका पर्यायबाची बुद्धको बिस्वब्यापी महत्वका कारण लालायितहरुद्धारा बुद्धकै नाममा असत्यको खेती गरेर बुद्ध जन्मस्थलका बारेमा सिर्जित दिग्भ्रमले बिस्वब्यापी रुप लिएको सन्दर्भमा साहित्यकारहरुले निडरतापूर्बक सत्य रक्षाको लागि कलम चलाउनु पनि आजको आवश्यकता भएको कुरामा जोड दिनु भयो ।  Read the rest of this entry »

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Promoting Visit Lumbini Year 2012 in Beijing

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 4, 2012

Hari Shrestha, Beijing: The Promotion Office of Visit Lumbini Year (VLY)-2012 has been set up in Beijing, the Capital of China.

The Office established with the support from the Yunjutemple Charity Foundation was inaugurated amidst a ceremony last Wednesday.

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ANCIENT KAPILVASTU WAS PRETTY MUCH WHERE THE TILAURAKOT RUINS ARE TODAY

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 1, 2012

By Kailash Chandra Dash

The homeland of Gautam Buddha which is described in the vast Buddhist literary texts as Kapilavastu, the land  and capital city of the Sakyas is now a central point of debate regarding its location among some historians and archaeologists. It is  a subject of considerable interest from the last decade of the 19th century A.D. and now it is associated with national interest and pride. Some historians locate Kapilavastu in Piprahwa, some others locate it in Tilaurkot and still others locate it in Bhubaneswar of Odisha. I have presented the arguments against  the location of Kapilavastu in Odisha in the pages of The Himalayan Voice. Hence in this paper my focus is directed to the debate on the location of Kapilavastu either in India or in Nepal.

The location of Kapilavastu is to be studied in the context of Lumbini, the real spot of the birth of Gautam Buddha. We find the name of Lumbini Grama in the edicts of Ashoka as well as in the famous text Buddha Charita of Asvaghosh of 1st century A.D. Interestingly Buddha Charita explains Lumbini as Vananta-bhumi(a forest area), This term Lumbini is in all probability a local term whose Sanskrit equivalent was given by Asvaghosh as Vanantabhumi. This explains the fact that Lumbini-the spot where Gautam was born was a peculiar term of the areas on the Hmalayan zone. This compels us to think  that the term was associated with  ancient Nepal and not with  ancient India. The text Buddha Charita states of Kapila Janapada Nagara where Sakyas and their leader Suddhodana-the father of Gautama were living with prosperity. Thus Lumbini and Kapilavastu(the land of Kapila) were connected. The inscriptions(pillar edicts) of Ashoka refer to the birthplace of Kanakamuni Buddha and Gautam Buddha which he had visited and erected stupas in his 20th reganl year. This suggests that both the sites were included in the kingdom of Kapilavastu. Considering their present location and the reading of the edicts of Ashoka it is now clear that they were in ancient time located near the Himalayan area which is now called Nepal Tarai zone. This also explains the location of Kapilavastu in Nepal Tarai.
The Sakyas of Kapilavastu were in control of a part of Himalayan region which was attached to the Kosala kingdom in 6th-7th century A.D. Sakya was a republican state in ancient Bharat Varsha. But according to Buddhist sources like Bhaddasalajataka Kapilavastu and the Sakyas were destroyed by king Vidudabha, son of Prasenjit  of Kosala during the lifetime of Gautam Buddha. But probably the city was not completely destroyed because the  Sakyas of Kapilavastu got a part of the ashes of Buddha  after his death which were divided into eight parts-the recipients being  Ajatasatru of Magadha, Lichhavis of Vaisali, Bulis of Allakappa, A Brahmin of Vethadipa, Mallas of Kusinagara, Koliyas of Ramagrama and the Sakyas of Kapilavastu, Thus even after the destruction by the Kosalan king some parts of Kapilavastu remained. By the time of Samudragupta the Sakya clan was not prominent, but Nepal was famous then as a frontier state. Accordng to Allahabad Pillar inscription Nepal remained a frontier kingdom under Samudragupta after paying all taxes. Thus this explains the fact that the remaining portions of Kailavastu must have been a part of the frontier kingdom of Nepal during the Gupta phase. Kapilavastu could not be separated from the border areas which covered Nepal then. Read the rest of this entry »

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